CIT PSYCHIATRIC MEDICATION FIELD GUIDE
ADDERALL (DEXEDRINE W/ AMPHETAMINE SALTS)
AMBIEN (ZOLPIDEN TARTRATE)
CYLERT (MAGNESIUM PEMOLINE)
DEPAKOTE (VALPORIC ACID)
LITHIUM (LITHIUM CARBONATE)
NAMENDA (MEMANTINE HCI)
SEROQUEL (QUETIAPINE FUMARATE)
CIT Psychiatric Medication Field Guide
I. Psychiatric Medication - General Information
Commonly prescribed (but not all) psychiatric medications are listed on the reverse of this sheet,along with the mental disorders they are used to treat. Identifying the medications used by acitizen indicates which disorders they may be suffering from, which in turn can help guide yourapproach to assessment and intervention.
Using the Medication Guide
Keep in Mind
*Many psychiatric medications are used for the treatment of more than one condition.
*Many mentally ill citizens take multiple psychiatric medicines (either because they have multiple
problems or because the problem they have is particularly severe).
*Citizens that take multiple medicines are more likely to be seriously mentally ill.
*Identifying all the categories of disorder for which a given citizen’s medicines might be
prescribed is a starting point for determining the nature of their illness.
Some “Rules of Thumb”
Some medications are typically used to treat a single disease or disorder (e.g., Alzheimers,
ADHD, Schizophrenia and Lithium (for Bipolar Disorder)
Many medications are used to treat both Depression and Anxiety
Neurological medicines have the greatest variety of uses including: seizure disorder, head injury,
bipolar disorder and pain.
In Bipolar disorder usually a combination of lithium or a neurological medication and an anti-
depressant medicine is prescribed
Medication Use Issues
General Rules: Any medicine is potentially dangerous when taken in excessive amounts
(especially when multiple medicines are taken)
Particularly Dangerous Medicines: Elavil (Amitriptyline), Xanax (Lorazepam), Klonopin
(Clonazapam), Valium (Diazepam), Norpramin (Desipramine).
General Rules: The greater the number of medications taken, the greater the potential for serious
medical or mental side effects (especially if a new medicine has been started)
General Rules: Some medicines are dangerous when stopped suddenly (and may lead to medical
Medicines: Xanax (Lorazepam), Klonopin (Clonazapam), Valium (Diazepam), Effexor
(Venlafaxine), Paxil (Paroxetine), Anti-Seizure Medications (see list on reverse).
High Abuse Potential
General Rule: Many medicines prescribed for anxiety and ADHD are potential medicines of abuse.
Medicines: for Anxiety - Ativan (Lorazepam), Klonopin (Clonazapam), Librium (Chlordiazepoxide),
Restoril (Tamazepam), Xanax (Alprazolam) Valium (Diazepam), -- for ADHD, Adderal, Cylert
(Pemoline), Dexedrine (Dextramphetamine), Ritalin (Methylphenidate)
Failure to take Medicines
General rule: There are many reasons a citizen may not take prescribed medicines, for example:
Bipolar disorder – because they feel they don’t need it
Alzheimers or head injury patients – because they have memory problems
Anyone – Because they can’t pay the bill; To avoid the stigma of mental illness; Because of
disturbing side effects.
(c) 2005,2008 David Hartman, Carilion Roanoke Memorial Hospital & John Heil, Psychological Health * Roanoke
__________________________________________________ DAVID EARL HUNTER STATE OF TEXAS __________________________________________________ Appeal from the 361st Judicial District Court of _________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Attorney for Appellant: Attorney for Appellee: ORAL ARGUMENT WAIVED STATEMENT REGARDING
Questions from Lecture and the Oliver Sacks book: 1. Which is NOT true about measures of personality? A) their stability increases with age B) personality traits, according to twin studies, are about 50% heritable C) conscientiousness appears to diminish risk of Alzheimer’s disease D) children are more similar to an adoptive sibling than to any randomly selected unrelated 2. Research