Microsoft powerpoint - guijarro, elena, understanding schizophrenia short version najit

• A serious, chronic and disabling brain disorder characterized by profound disruption in cognition, emotion, affecting the most fundamental human attributes: language, thought, perception, affect and sense of self.
• It affects 1% of the population • It attacks people between the ages of 15 and 30 • (Surgeon General, 2009, Adults and Mental • Positive symptoms:
• hal ucinations: visual, auditory,
• (National Institute of Mental Health • Negative symptoms:
• alogia
• flat or blunted affect
• avolition
• anhedonia
• (NIMH, 2009, Schizophrenia, para. 13) • Disorganized symptoms:
• thought disorder
• grossly disorganized behavior
• catatonic behavior
• (NIMH, 2009, Schizophrenia, para. 13) Cognitive symptoms:
difficulty integrating thoughts, feelings and (Surgeon General, 2009, Adults and Mental Health, • Paranoid schizophrenia• Disorganized schizophrenia (Hebephrenic • Catatonic schizophrenia• Residual schizophrenia• Undifferentiated Schizophrenia • (American Psychiatric Association, 2000. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition with ≥ 2 characteristic symptoms for a • Antipsychotic drugs• Rehabilitation, including community • (The Merck Manuals Online, Treatment, 2008, • Flupenthixol (Fluanxol) • Loxapine (Loxapac, Loxitane) • Perphenazine (Etrafon, Trilafon) • Chlorpromazine (Thorazine) • Haldol ( Haloperidol) • Prolixin (Fluphenazine Decanoate, Modecate, • (Mayo Clinic Staff, Treatment and Drugs, 2008, • Abilify (Aripiprazole)• Clozaril, Denzapine, Zaponex (clozapine) • Geodon (Ziprasidone) • Risperdal (Risperidone) • Seroquel (Quetiapine) • Zyprexa (Olanzapine) • Invega (Paliperidone) • (Mayo Clinic Staff, Treatment and Drugs, 2008, para. 6) • Age at onset• Functioning level prior to the onset of • Cognitive impairment• Type of symptoms (positive vs. negative)• Family history of mental illness • Treatment compliance • Biological • Neurodevelopmental vulnerability• Environmental stressors • Schizophrenia is a split personality • People with schizophrenia are violent • The family causes schizophrenia • There is no hope of people with • (, 2009, Myths and Facts, para. 2 ) • Schizophrenia is a split from reality rather • People with schizophrenia are not more violent than any other group in society.
• Schizophrenia is not caused by the family• People do improve and recover and hope is regarded as an essential ingredient for • (, 2009, Myths and Facts, para. 2 ) • DON'T THREATEN-This may be interpreted as a power play and increase fear or prompt assaultive behavior. • DON'T SHOUT-If the person isn't listening, other "voices" are probably interfering. • DON'T CRITICIZE-It will make matters worse; it can't • DON'T SQUABBLE WITH OTHER FAMILY MEMBERS over "best strategies" or allocations of blame. This is no • DON'T BAIT THE PATIENT-Into acting out wild threats; • DON'T STAND OVER THE PATIENT-If he is endangering or beyond reason. This gives the patient the opportunity to feel somewhat "In yourself between the patient and an exit.
• (, 2008, Tips, para. 6).
• American Psychiatric Association. (2005).
Schizophrenia. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed. text revision, pp. 298 – • Mayo Clinic Staff. (2008). Treatments and drugs. In Basics: Schizophrenia. Retrieved • National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). (2009).
Schizophrenia. In Mental Health Topics. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Retrieved on • (2009). Myths and Facts. In What is Schizophrenia? Retrieved on March 29, • (2008). Schizophrenia Symptoms. In Information on Schizophrenia. Retrieved on March 13, 2009 from Schizophrenia. In Schizophrenia and Related Disorders. The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library. Retrieved on March 27, • U.S. Public Health Service. (2009). Report of the Surgeon General on Adults and Mental Health: Schizophrenia. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved on March 10, 2009 from


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Biostatistics Primer: Part I Brian R. Overholser and Kevin M. Sowinski The online version of this article can be found at: can be found at: Nutrition in Clinical Practice Additional services and information for Citations (this article cites 6 articles hosted on the SAGE Journals Online and HighWire Press platforms): ©

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